When you read any story, you will note that there is someone telling the story. One or more fictional voices are involved in every work of writing. Voice and point of view shape the frame through which the reader experiences the story. A form of story telling in which the narrator tells the story and relates the action is called point of view. The novel is told in this particular perspective.
One of four main points of view is used in every story. There is an all-knowing or omniscient narrator. This point of view is when the narrator can assume that he knows everything the character knows and things that they do not know as well. The narrator is able to analyze the thoughts and emotions of characters because he can enter into their minds. Here the narrator has unlimited perspective. You can also call this third-person perspective or third-person point of view.
In his narrative, he makes use of pronouns such as he or she. The narrator does not participate in the events and he is not a character in the story that is being told. The story concerns a third person and the narrator is simply a spectator of what happened to other people. When an author chooses omniscient point of view, he must choose whether this point of view is limited to one, two, or multiple characters will be used.
The first person point of view can be identified if the narrator uses the word I or we when he tells the story. When the narrator is a character is the story, then the only thing that the readers will know is what the narrator knows. The story is seen through the eyes of only one person although the first person narrator may not be the main character. It is also possible that first person narrative can be told as a story within a story.
A limited omniscient point of view follows one or two characters closely when it comes to their emotions, thoughts, and backstory but it is written from a third-person’s point of view. Limited omniscient point of view combines both first person and omniscient. Depending on the knowledge that the narrator has, the point of view of the story is distinguished as omniscient or limited omniscient.
When the writer does not enter into any character’s mind then is uses an objective point of view. This is mostly used by play writers and not fiction writes.
Writers can use any of these four types of points of views which best gives the reader a wonderful experience of the story or whatever experience you want the reader to have.